Practice Areas

Economic Regulation

We represent clients in energy matters ranging from routine rate hearings at federal and state agencies to sophisticated transactions and complex federal court litigation. We have particular expertise in managing the transition from a regulated to a deregulated industry, and we offer broad experience in handling corporate governance issues, litigation, and regulatory matters involving other industries.

We serve a diverse group of clients, including:


Our lawyers have had a continuing role in the railroad industry since the reorganization of the Penn Central and the formation of Conrail. We have:

  • Represented Class I railroads in five different railroad mergers
  • Provided counsel in a variety of proceedings relating to the formation of the current scheme of railroad regulation
  • Participated in the passage of all four modern railroad laws
  • Represented clients in rulemakings and related appellate proceedings
  • Served as counsel to railroads, shippers and municipal entities in negotiations and administrative, judicial and related appellate litigation


  • investor-owned electric and gas utilities
  • public power entities
  • marketers
  • energy service companies
  • local distribution companies
  • the owner of companies with nuclear power plants
  • large industrial customers
  • a nationwide trade association
  • regulatory commissions
  • project investors and lenders throughout North America


We served as counsel to the nation's largest wholesale water distributor in a seven-year effort to devise and negotiate an historic market-based framework for reallocating water between agricultural interests and urban users in southern California.

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